Romano-Celtic Temple
Probable Romano-British Settlement

Woodeaton, Islip, Oxfordshire

NGRef: SP5312
OSMap: LR164
Type: Temple
Roads
See Islip (Oxfordshire)

This square temple lies in Middle Hill Field within a temenos beside the Dorchester-Alchester road, about four miles north of Oxford. The outer portico measured 37½ feet by 36½ feet, the inner cella 19 feet by 16 ft. 5 in. The outer wall was an almost uniform 2½ feet wide, the inner wall varying between 1½-2 feet. The temple probably faced east. The original building was erected around AD65 with a wooden portico which later burnt to the ground, This wooden building was replaced by one of stone during the late-2nd century at the same time the temenos was included. The temple remained in use until the 5th century. (Type Ic or Id)

Roman Tombstone from Wood Eaton

D M DECMVS MALVS...
"To the shades of the departed Decimus Malus[ius ...]"
(RIB 240; limestone tombstone fragment; found 1934 during ploughing; now in Ashmolean Mus.; restored)

There are five monumental inscriptions recorded in the R.I.B. for the Wood Eaton site. The only stone artifact is a tombstone (RIB 240 supra), all the others being of bronze, comprising parts of two inscribed plates and a total of nine brazen letters (RIB 236-239 infra). All of these pieces now reside in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford.

Roman Bronze Items From Wood Eaton

TextLocation of FindRIB
...EDOthin bronze plate found in 1841236
...XENOVI... ...NDVX... ...IT...bronze plate fragment found in 1953 during ploughing237
A T V E/Ffour bronze letters found during excavations in 1919 & 1934238
M N TI/IT I/L E/Ifive bronze letters found in 1952 within temenos of Romano-Celtic temple239

Click here for the RBO Temples and Shrines Index

See: Temples in Roman Britain by M.J.T. Lewis (Cambridge 1966);
The Roman Inscriptions of Britain by R.G. Collingwood and R.P. Wright (Oxford 1965).
All English translations, including any inherent mistakes, are my own.

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