Type: Tribal Capital (Belgae).
NW (14) to LEVCOMAGVS (East Anton, Hampshire)|
NNE (23) to CALLEVA ATREBATVM (Silchester, Hampshire)
W (22) to SORVIODVNVM (Old Sarum, Wiltshire)
SW (12) to Nursling (Hampshire)
SE (32) to NOVIOMAGVS REGNORVM (Chichester, West Sussex)
SSW (11) to CLAVSENTVM (Bitterne, Hampshire)
|"Below the Dobuni¹ are the Belgae² and the towns:|
Iscalis 16*00 53°40, Aquae Calidae 17*20 53°40 and Venta 18*40 53°00."
Winchester appears on three (out of fifteen) routes in Britain recorded in the Antonine Itinerary of the late second century:
Winchester also appears in the seventh century Ravenna Cosmology as Venta Velgarom (R&C#41), this time listed between the unknown entries Onna and Armis. The name Venta Belgarum is an amalgam of the Celtic word venta meaning 'market or market town', and the determinative Belgarum meaning 'of the Belgae', denoting that Winchester was the chief town of this southern British tribe.
|"Part XI - The Count of the Sacred Bounties|
Under the control of the illustrious count of the sacred bounties:
... The accountant of the general tax of the Britains.
Provosts of the storehouses:
... In the Britains: The provost of the storehouses at London. ...
Procurators of the weaving-houses:
... The procurator of the weaving-house at Winchester in Britain. ..."
The only inscription on stone recorded in the R.I.B. for Winchester is an altar dedicated to the Matres the 'Mothers' or mother goddesses (vide RIB 88 infra). This fine altarstone is now on display in the British Museum.
|MATRIB ITALIS GERMANIS GAL BRIT ANTONIVS LVCRETIANVS BF COS REST|
|"For the Mother Goddesses of Italy, the Germanies, Gaul and Britain, the Beneficiarius Consularis¹ Antonius Lucretianus restored [this temple]."|
(RIB 88; altarstone)
As elswhere in southern Britain, the area around this Roman town, the sixth largest in the province, is studded with Romano-British villas: Sparsholt (SU4130), Twyford (SU4824), King's Worthy (SU4833), Itchen Abbas (SU5234), Bramdean (SU6228) and West Meon (SU6324). In addition, the remains of substantial Roman buildings have also been identified at Upham (SU5422) Alresford (SU5833) and Micheldever (SU5337).