Roman Auxiliary Fort

Jay Lane, Leintwardine, Hereford & Worcester

NGRef: SO4074
OSMap: LR137/148
Type: Fort
The Jay Lane Fort - VRML Model
The Jay Lane Fort - VRML Model
Prepared in the RBO Scriptorium
This is big! - currently 18 files; 169Kb.
Roads
See BRAVONIVM (Leintwardine, Hereford & Worcester)

The Jay Lane Fort

NGRef.SizeArea
SO4074537 x 448 ft
(164 x 137 m)
c.5½ acres
(c.2.24 ha)

This fort was probably the first permanent Roman military camp to be built in the area, followed by later forts at Buckton and Leintwardine. It seems likely that Jay Lane was contemporary with the supply depot built into the north-west corner of Brandon Camp. The fort was discovered from the air by W.A. Baker in 1960 and excavated by S.C. Standford in 1961-62, who concluded that Jay Lane was established around AD50 and dismantled in 78. The ramparts were of turf with timber corner-towers, interval-towers and gateways, the internal buildings were also of wooden construction. The fort was surrounded by a double-ditch defensive system. Each of the ditches was about 6 ft. wide and about 3 ft. deep (1.8 x 0.9 m), separated from each other by a ravelin about 5 ft. (1.5m) wide, while the inner ditch was separated from the rampart by a berm 8 ft. (c.2.5m) across. The encampment is large enough to have housed an ala quingenaria, a squadron of auxiliary cavalry nominally five-hundred strong.

Plan of the Jay Lane Fort
Plan of the Jay Lane Fort
Based on that in S.C. Standford's Excavation Report (fig.5, p.229)
See: The Roman Forts at Leintwardine and Buckton by S.C. Stanford in Trans. Woolhope Naturalist and Field Club vol.xxxix 1968.

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