Type: Tribal Civitas (Brigantes).
NNW (24) to CATARACTONIVM (Catterick, North Yorkshire)|
Possible road: E (25) to DERVENTIO (Malton, North Yorkshire) via Wath
SW (23) to VERBEIA (Ilkley, West Yorkshire)
SE (15) to EBVRACVM (York, North Yorkshire)
S (14) to Newton Kyme (North Yorkshire)
The town appears in three separate itinera in the late-second century list of Roman road-stations the Antonine Itinerary. The first mention occurs in Iter I, which details the journey along Dere Street between Bremenium (High Rochester, Northumberland) beyond Hadrian's Wall to the port of Praesidium (Bridlington, Humberside). In this itinerary the name Isurium is listed 24 miles from Cataractonium (Catterick, North Yorkshire) and 17 miles from the Roman colony at Eburacum (York, North Yorkshire); these details are repeated in the Second Itinerary, which lists the road-stations between the Roman fort at Blatobulgium (Birrens, Dumfries & Galloway) and the Channel Port at Rutupiae (Richborough, Kent).
The Fifth Itinerary lists the route between Londinium (London) and Luguvalium (Carlisle, Cumbria). In this itinerary the name Isubrigantum appears 17 miles from Eburacum and again, 24 miles from Cataractonium but the road stations appear in reverse order to those in itinera I & II.
|I O M ET MATRIB V...|
|"For Jupiter Best and Greatest and to the Mother Goddesses V[...]"|
(RIB 708; altarstone)
There are four inscriptions on stone recorded in the R.I.B. for Aldborough; a single altarstone (RIB 708 supra), a damaged dedicatory text (RIB 710a infra), also two tombstones, one of which is undamaged (RIB 710 infra), but the other is fragmentary and reads: ... AVR... VIX ... ET AN... NO ... AN I ... "..." (RIB 709; tombstone).
|D M FELICVLE COIVGI KARIS G M P F CVR|
|"To the shades of the departed Felicula, the most-caring wife, her loyal and faithful husband Gaius saw to this [memorial].¹"|
(RIB 710; tombstone)
|DIVO ANTONINO MAGNO DVS... ... ... FIRMIN ... OB HONOREM D D|
|"For the divine Antoninus¹ the mighty [...] the mainstay [...] dedicates this offering in [his] honour."|
(RIB 710a; Britannia ix (1978), p.474, no.6)
|LEG VIIII HISP|
|"[Property of] the Ninth Hispanic Legion."|
|¹ IMP CAES G MESSIVS Q DECI TRA PO FELICI AVG XXG S|
|"For Imperator Caesar Gaius Messius Quintus Decius Trajanus Pius Felix Augustus,² [...]³"|
(RIB 2276; milestone; dated: AD249-251)
|IMP CAES G MESSIVS||IMP CAES DO N G MESS|
|"Imperator Caesar Gaius Messius.¹"||"Imperator Caesar, our lord Gaius Messius.¹"|
|(RIB 2277; milestone; dated: AD249-51)||(RIB 2278; milestone; dated: AD249-51)|