Cohors Primae Vangionum [milliaria]
The First Cohort of Vangiones, (one-thousand strong)
The Vangiones were a Belgic tribe from the upper Rhine. The First Cohort of Vangiones was a mixed unit of both horse and foot soldiers known as a cohors equitata, and were a nominal one-thousand strong (cohors milliaria). It is possible that they were split into two quingenary cohorts during the Hadrianic period as they are attested both at Chesters in Northumberland and also at Benwell in Tyne & Wear, both forts on Hadrian's Wall. They were apparently reunited as a single force at Risingham in Northumberland, beyond the Wall during the mid-third century.
Evidence for the Cohort in Britain
- Burn 95; CIL XVI.48; military diploma dated January 19th AD103.
- Burn 100; CIL XVI.65; military diploma dated July 17th AD122.
- CIL VII.1195; privilegia militvm, dated September 16th AD124.
- L'Année Épigraphique 1997.1001; diploma dated 27th February AD158.
- Colchester (RIB 205).
- Benwell (RIB 1350 tombstone).
- Chesters (RIB 1482 tombstone).
- Risingham (RIB 1215; 1216 altar?; 1217 altar; 1230 altar; 1231 altar; 1234 AD205-208; 1235 AD213; 1241-1243; 1261a).