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The Roman Inscriptions of Britain
by R.G. Collingwood and R.P. Wright
An Epitome

Back to Incriptions on Hadrian's Wall Forth to Milestones & Honorific Pillars

Volume 1 - The Inscriptions on Stone

South England * Wales * North England * Northern Borders * Hadrian's Wall * Scotland & the Antonine Wall * Milestones

Part 3 - Scotland and the Antonine Wall

Birrens/Blatobulgium * Cappuck * Newstead/Trimontium * Traprain Law * Inveresk * Cramond * Carriden/Veluniate * Mumrills * Falkirk * Rough Castle * Castlecary * Westerwood * Croy Hill * Bar Hill * Auchendavy * Kirkintilloch * Cadder * Balmuildy * Castle Hill * Cleddans * Duntocher * Old Kilpatrick * Antonine Wall - Exact Location Unknown * Camelon * Ardoch/Alauna * Scotland - Exact Location Unknown

Birrens, Dumfriesshire (Blatobulgium; 2091-2116)

R.I.B.#DescriptionText
2091buff-sandstone statuette in relief within carved niche; 1731 in building ruins outside fort; Nat. Mus. Antiq., EdinburghBRIGANTIÆ S AMANDVS ARCITECTVS EX IMPERIO IMP
2092altar; 1895 in well of principia; Nat. Mus. Antiq.DISCIP AVG COH II TVNGR MIL EQ C L
2093altar; 1772; Nat. Mus. Antiq.FORTVNAE COH I NERVANA GERMANOR ∞ EQ
2094pedestal of statuette; 1772; lost; restoredFORTVNAE PRO SALVTE P CAMPANI ITALICI PRAEF COH II TVN CELER LIBERTVS V S L L M
2095small altar; 1886; Dumfries Burgh Mus.FORTVNΛE VOTVM ...
2096white-sandstone altar; 1772; Dumfries Burgh Mus.DEAE HARIMELLAE SAC GAMIDIAHVS ΛRCIT V S L L M
2097altar; 1815 at Hoddom Old Church; built into Hoddom Church porchI O M COH I NERVANA GERMANOR ∞ EQ CVI PRAEEST L FAENIVS FELIX TRIB
2098part of altar; 1814 on bank of the Kirtle 2½ miles E of fort; lost; restoredI O M ...MINIVS ...I FECIT PR ...
2099three fragments of buff-sandstone altar; 1895 in excavations; Nat. Mus. Antiq.; restoredI O M DOLICHENO SACR MAGVNNA V S
2100altar; 1812; Nat. Mus. Antiq.MARTI ET VICTORIAE AVG C RAETI MILIT IN COH II TVNGR CVI PRAEEST SILVIVS AVSPEX PRAEF V S L M
2101top-left fragment of altar; 1886; lostMA... SA... ...
2102buff-sandstone statue base; 1731 in building ruins outside fort; Nat. Mus. Antiq.DEO MERCVRIO IVL CRESCENS SIGILL COLLIGN CVLT EIVS D S D V S L M
2103statue base; 1731 in building ruins outside fort; Nat. Mus. Antiq.NVM AVG DEO MERC SIGN POSVERVNT CVLTORES COLLIGNI EIVS DEM DEI CVR ING RVFO V S L M
2104buff-sandstone altar; 1810 to W of fort; Dumfries Burgh Mus.DEAE MINERVAE COH II TVNGRORVM MIL EQ C L CVI PRAEEST G SILV AVSPEX PRAEF
2105top part of small altar; 1937 during excavations on site XXII West; 1810; Dumfries Burgh Mus.; restoredD NEPTVNO CL ...
2106buff-sandstone slab; 1810; Nat. Mus. Antiq.; bears image of horned god; restoredPRIAPI MENTVLA
2107altar; 1812; Nat. Mus. Antiq.DEAE RICAGVM BEDAE PAGVS VELLAVS MILIT COH II TVNG V S L M
2108altar; 1772; Dumfries Burgh Mus.; restored; see also #2100 & 2104DEAE VIRADECTHI PAGVS CONDRVSTIS MILIT IN COH II TVNGROR SVB SILVIO AVSPICE PRAEF
2109altar; 1812; Nat. Mus. Antiq.DIB DEABQ OMNIB FRVMENTIVS MIL COH II TVNGR
2110fragments of slab; 1895 in principia; Nat. Mus. Antiq.; dated AD157-158; restoredIMP CAES T AEL HADR ANTONINO AVG PIO PONT MAX TRIB POT XXI COS IIII COH II TVNGR MIL EQ C L SVB IVLIO VERO LEG AVG PR PR
2111fragment; 1895; Nat. Mus. Antiq.... M...
2112stone; 1895; Nat. Mus. Antiq.LEG VI VI...
2113ansate building-stone; 1915 in ruins of Old Church, Hoddom; lostLEG VI VIC
2114sculpted stone; 1772; lostLEGIO XX VICT
2115tombstone; 1772; Dumfries Burgh Mus.D M AFVTIANO BASSI ORDINATO COH II TVNG FLAVIA BAETI CA CONIVNX FAC CVRAVIT
2116stone fragment; 1727; lost...AXAN... ...CONIS...

Cappuck, Roxburghshire/Borders

R.I.B.#DescriptionText
2117bottom of altar; 1853 re-used in west turret of Jedburgh Abbey; in situI O M VEXILATIO RETORVM GAESAT Q C Λ IVL SEVER TRIB
2118altar die; 1922 in the presbytery at Jedburgh Abbey; in situ... COH I FID VARDVL C R ∞ EQ ET G QVINTIVS SEVERVS TRIB COH EIVSDEM DOM CAMIL RAVENNA V S L L M
2119left part of ornate slab; 1886; Nat. Mus. Antiq.; restoredLEGIO XX V V FEC

Newstead, Roxburghshire/Borders (Trimontium)

R.I.B.#DescriptionText
2120altar; 1910 in south annexe; Nat. Mus. Antiq.DEO APOLLINI L MAXIMIVS GAETVLICVS > LEG
2121altar; 1783, 200 yds E of fort; Nat. Mus. Antiq.CΛMPESTR SΛCRVM AEL MARCVS DEC ΛLΛE ΛVG VOCONTIO V S L L M !
2122buff-sandstone altar; 1909 in E annexe; Nat. Mus. Antiq.; restoredDIANAE REGINAE OB PROSPEROS EVENTVS G ARRIVS DOMITIANVS > LEG XX V V V S L L M
2123buff-sandstone altar; 1905 in well of principia; Nat. Mus. Antiq.I O M G ARRIVS DOMITIANVS > LEG XX V V V S L L M
2124buff-sandstone altar/base; 1830 outside SE corner of fort; Nat. Mus. Antiq.DEO SILVANO PRO SALVTE SVA ET SVORVM G ARRIVS DOMITIANVS > LEG XX V V V S L L M
2125altar; 1909 in E annexe; Nat. Mus. Antiq....CΛ... ...IN... L... VSLM !
2126fragment; 1905-10; Nat. Mus. Antiq....ASRA... ...RL...
2127fragment; 1905 in well of principia; Nat. Mus. Antiq....NIVS III... ...LEG XX... ...M...
2128fragment of slab; 1905-10 at S gate of fort; Nat. Mus. Antiq....VR...
2129thin slab fragment; 1905-10? in praetorium; Nat. Mus. Antiq....ΛRINOL...
2130fragment; 1851 just W of fort; lost...CVI...

Traprain Law, East Lothian

R.I.B.#DescriptionText
2131mudstone fragment; 1921; Nat. Mus. Antiq.ABCD...

Inveresk, Midlothian

R.I.B.#DescriptionText
2132altar; 1549/65 in Inveresk church-yard; lostAPOLLINI GRANNO Q LVSIVS SABINIANVS PROC AVG V S S L V M
2133sandstone building-stone; 1906 in Inveresk church-yard; lostCH VIIII

Cramond, Midlothian

R.I.B.#DescriptionText
2134buff-sandstone altar; 1697; Nat. Mus. Antiq.I O M • COH V GALL CVI PRAEEST L MINTHONIVS TERTVLLVS PRAEF V S L L M
2135buff-sandstone altar; 1697 at Nether Cramond; lostMATRIB ALATERVIS ET MATRIB CAMPESTRIB COH I TVNGR INS VERS C ΛRM > LEG XX V V
2136buff-sandstone fragment; 1786 built into Cramond Church; lost...G PVBLIVS CR... ...IN...POMPONIAN... ... ...PRAEF P D D
2137buff-sandstone ansate building-stone; 1725; Nat. Mus. Antiq.LEG II AVG FECIT • IV • SΛ

Carriden, West Lothian/Central (Veluniate)

R.I.B.#DescriptionText
2138decorated ansate building-stone; 1726 in wall of Carriden House; lostCOH VIII > STΛ TELES
2139dedication slab; 1868 at the butt-end of the Antonine Wall on Windmill Hill, Bridgeness; National Museum of Antiquities, Edinburgh; dated AD139-161IMP CAES TITO AELIO HADRI ANTONINO AVG PIO P P LEG II ΛVG PER M P IIII DCLII FEC
on vexillum: LEG II AVG

Mumrills, Stirlingshire/Central

R.I.B.#DescriptionText
2140altar; 1841 near the Bridge of Brightons in Polmont, 1 mile SE of fort; Nat. Mus. Antiq., EdinburghHERCVLI MAGVSAN SACRVM VAL NIGRINVS DVPLI ALAE TVNGRORVM
2141top part of altar; 1937, 160yds E of fort in a late-Roman? post-hole; Nat. Mus. Antiq.CASSIVS SIGN MATRIBVS ...
2142tombstone broken top & bottom; 1834 near Mumrills; Nat. Mus. Antiq.DIS M NECTOVELIVS F VINDICIS AN IXXX STIP VIIII NATIONIS BRIGANS MILITAVIT IN COH II THR ...

Falkirk, Stirlingshire/Central

R.I.B.#DescriptionText
2143building-stone fragment; 1815 on line of Wall in a S Falkirk garden; lost... FECIT ...

Rough Castle, Stirlingshire/Central

R.I.B.#DescriptionText
2144altar with missing capital; 1843 between 200-300 yds S of fort; Nat. Mus. Antiq.VICTORIAE COH VI NERVIORVM C C FL BETTO > LEG XX V V V S L L M
2145three fragments of ansate slab; 1903 in well of principia; Nat. Mus. Antiq.; dated AD139-161; restoredIMP CAESΛRI TITO AELIO HΛDRIANO ANTONINO AVG PIO P P COH VI NERVIORVM PRINCIPIΛ FECIT

Castlecary, Stirlingshire/Central

R.I.B.#DescriptionText
2146altar; 1769 in internal bath-house; Hunterian Mus., GlasgowFORTVNAE VEXILLATIONES LEG II AVG LEG VI VIC P F P L L
2147top part of altar; 1695; lostMATRIB • MILITES VEXILL ...
2148altar; 1845 between W rampart and the Red Burn; Nat. Mus. Antiq.DEO MERCVRIO MILITES LEG VI VICTRICIS PIE F ED ET SIGILLVM CIVES ITALICI ET NORICI V S L L M
2149altar; 1852 on W side of fort; Nat. Mus. Antiq.DEO NEPTVNO COHORS I FID VΛRDVL C R EQ ∞ CVI PRΛEST TREBIVS VERVS PRΛEF
2150top of altar; 1771 while cutting the canal; Hunterian Mus.DEΛE ...
2151altar; early-19th C.; lost; restoredG IVL SPERATVS N MAT VE... LEG VI V P F V S L L M
2152bottom of altar; 1695; lost... BRITTON V S L L M
2153bottom of small altar; 1725; lost...VPS... ...FS VSLM
2154botton of altar; 1698; lost...H BAT
2155ansate slab; 1764; Hunterian Mus.; dated AD139-161IMP CAES T AEL ANT AVG PIO P P COH I TVNGRORVM FECIT M
2156building-stone; 1841 while building the railway; Nat. Mus. Antiq.CHO VI > ANTO ΛRΛTI

Westerwood, Cumbernauld, Central

R.I.B.#DescriptionText
2157dedicatory stone; 1725; lost; relief of erect phallus above primary textprimary: EX VOTO
secondary: NVX

Croy Hill, Dunbarton, Strathclyde

R.I.B.#DescriptionText
2158two fragment of a Jupiter relief; 1931 outside NE corner of fort; Nat. Mus. Antiq.; restoredI O M DOLICHENO ...
2159altar; 1913 in quarry 100 yds S of fort; Hunterian Mus.MARTI G D B V S
2160altar with bottom-left missing; 1826 at foot of Croy Hill; Nat. Mus. Antiq.; restoredNYMPHIS • VEXILLATIO LEG VI VIC P F SVB FABIO LIBERALIS ...
2161building-stone fragment; 1725; Nat. Mus. Antiq.LEG VI VIC P F
2162ansate building-stone; 1725 built into a cottage at Croy; Nat. Mus. Antiq.LEG VI
2163left side of ornate slab; 1802 built into Nether Croy House; Nat. Mus. Antiq.; restoredLEG VI VIC P F F
2164building-stone; 1857 at Craigend; Nat. Mus. Antiq.> GLICONIS ABRVCIVS

Bar Hill, Dunbarton, Strathclyde

R.I.B.#DescriptionText
2165sandstone altar; 1726 near Bar Hill; Nat. Mus. Antiq.; restoredDEO APOLLINI...CO... E... C... V S L L M
2166top part of altar; 1733 near the fort; Hunterian Mus.; restoredDEO MARTI CAMVLO LEG II AVG... ... ...VS!
2167altar broken both sides; 1895 ploughed-up about 240 yds NE of the E gateway; Hunterian Mus.; restoredDEO SILVANO CARISTANIVS IVSTIANVS PRAEF COH I HAMIOR V S L L M
2168two parts of altar; 1825; lostDEO II...
2169altar; 1903 in well of principia with #2170; Hunterian Mus.COH I BAETASIOR C R
2170three fragments of slab; 1903 with #2169; Hunterian Mus.; dated AD139-161; restoredIMP CAESARI T AEL HADR ANTONINO AVG PIO P P COH I BAETASIOR C R OB VIRTVTEM ET FIDEM
2171ansate tablet; late-18th C.; Hunterian Mus.VEXILLATIONES LEG II AVG ET LEG XX V V F
2172gabled tombstone; 1604 in a house at Kilsyth; lostD M G IVLI MARCELLINI PRAEF COH I HAMIOR
2173elaborate ansate tablet broken in half; 1581-1607; Hunterian Mus.; dated AD139-161IMP CAESARI T AELIO HADRIANO ANTONINO AVG PIO P P VEXILLATIO LEG XX VAL VIC F PER MIL P III

Auchendavy, Strathclyde

R.I.B.#DescriptionText
2174altar in two pieces; 1771 in a pit SE of the fort with #2175 - #2178, a mutilated bust and two iron sledge-hammers; Hunterian Mus.; restoredDIANAE APOLLINI M COCCEI FIRMVS > LEG II AVG
2175altar in two pieces; 1771 with #2174 et al.; Hunterian Mus.GENIO TERRAE BRITANNICAE M COCCEI FIRMVS > LEG II AVG
2176altar; 1771 with #2174 et al.; Hunterian Mus.I O M • VICTORIAE VICTRICI PRO SALVTE IMP N ET SVA SVORVM M COCCEI FIRMVS > LEG II AVG
2177altar in two pieces; 1771 with #2174 et al.; Hunterian Mus.MARTI • MINERVAE CAMPESTRIBVS HERCL EPONAE VICTORIAE M COCCEI FIRMVS > LEG II AVG !
2178top of small altar; 1771 with #2174 et al.; Hunterian Mus.SILVANO ...
2179piece of tombstone; 1826 at Auchendavy Farm; lost; restoredNO... MART M AL... VICTOR MIL LEG II AVG T ALAE EX... VLERNIS
2180four pieces of decorated ansate slab; 1728 at Shirva Farm, 1 mile E of fort; Hunterian Mus.; restoredVEX LEG II AVG
2181gabled gritston tombstone; 1729 on Shirva Farm; Hunterian Mus.D M FLΛ LVCIΛNVS MILES LEG II ΛVG ...
2182buff-gritstone tombstone in two pieces; 1724 on Shirva Farm; Hunterian Mus.D M SΛLMANES VIXIT AN XV SΛLMANES POSVIT
2183two pieces of gabled gritstone tombstone; 1728 on Shirva Farm; Hunterian Mus.D M VERECVNDAE ...

Kirkintilloch, Strathclyde

R.I.B.#DescriptionText
2184sculpted slab; 1789 in ditch of Antonine Wall on Eastermains Farm, 1 mile E of fort; Hunterian Mus.LEG XX V V FEC • M P III P IIICCCIV
2185buff-gritstone ansate tablet; 1740 near Inchbelly Bridge, 1 mile NE of fort; Hunterian Mus.; dated AD139-161IMP CAESARI T AELIO HADRIANO ANTONINO AVG PIO P P VEXILLA LEG VI VIC P F PER M P ...

Cadder, Kilsyth, Lanark/Strathclyde

R.I.B.#DescriptionText
2186ansate slab, right ansation broken-off; 1604 at Bogton Farm, ½ E of fort; Hunterian Mus.; dated AD139-161; see stone #2193IMP CAES TITO AELIO HADRIANO ANTONINO AVG PIO P P LEG II AVG PER M P III DCLXVI S
2187altar; 1607-28; lostDEO SILVANO L TANICIVS VERVS PRAEF V S L L M
2188fragment of tablet; 1852 in garden at Cadder Manse; Nat. Mus. Antiq.; restoredVEX LEG II AVG

Balmuildy, Lanark/Strathclyde !

R.I.B.#DescriptionText
2189altar with damaged capital; 1913 within bath-house in NE corner of fort; Hunterian Mus.DEAE FORTVNAE CAECILIVS NEPOS TRIB
2190four altar fragments; 1914 in SE annexe; Hunterian Mus.; found with broken statues of Mars & Victory; restoredDEO MARTI SANCTO...
2191bottom-left of slab; 1698 built into a Balmuildy byre; Hunterian Mus.; dated AD139-143; restoredIMP C T AEL HADR ANTONINO AVG PIO P P LEG II AVG SVB Q LOLLIO VRBICO LEG AVG PR PR FEC
2192five fragments of slab; 1912 before N gateway of fort; Hunterian Mus.; dated AD139-161; restoredIMP C T AEL HADR ANTONINO AVG PIO P P LEG II AVG FEC SVB Q LOLLIO VRBICO LEG AVG PR PR
2193tablet broken in two; 1694 near Summerston Farm, ¼ mile NW of fort; Hunterian Mus.; dated AD139-161; see stone #2186IMP CΛES TITO AELIO HADRIANO ANTONINO AVG PIO P P LEG II ΛVG PEP M P III DC LXVI S
2194tablet broken in two; 1803 on East Millichen Farm, ½ mile NW of fort; Glasgow City Art Gallery; dated AD139-161; once stood beside #2193 on WallIMP CAES T AELIO HADRI ANTONINO AVG PIO P P VEXILLA LEG VI VIC P F PER M P III DCLXVI S

Castle Hill, Lanark/Strathclyde !

R.I.B.#DescriptionText
2195altar; 1826 during ploughing 'a few hundred yards east of the fort'; Hunterian Mus.CAMPESTRIBVS ET BRITANNI Q PISENTIVS IVSTVS PREF COH IIII GAL V S L L M
2196ansate tablet; 1698 built into cottage at Castlehill; Hunterian Mus.; dated AD139-161IMP CAESAR T AELIO HADRIΛNO ANTONINO AVG PIO P P VEXILLATIO LEG VI VICTR P F PER M P III DCLXVI S
2197panelled tablet broken on right by plough; 1847 in fields 100 yds SW of fort; Hunterian Mus.; dated AD139-161; image of boar running L beneath textIMP C T AELIO HADRIANO ANTONINO AVG PIO P P VEX LEG XX V V P P III

Cleddans, Lanark/Strathclyde !

R.I.B.#DescriptionText
2198ansate tablet; 1865 just S of Wall on Hutcheson Hill; destroyed in 1871 fire at Chicago, USA; dated AD139-161; palm tree and boar running L beneath text, cupids in ansationsIMP C T AEL HADRIANO ANTONINO AVG PIO P P VEX LEG XX V V FEC P P III
2199gabled tablet; 1695 at Cochno House; Hunterian Mus.; dated AD139-161; boar running R beneath textIMP C T AE HADRIANO ANTONINO AVG PIO P P VEX LEG XX V V FEC P ...
2200panelled tablet; 1812 at Braidfield Farm, 400 yds W of Cleddans Farm; Hunterian Mus.; dated AD139-161IMP C T AELIO HADRIANO ANTONINO AVG P P VEX LEG VI VICTRICS P F ∞∞∞ CCXL F

Duntocher, Lanark/Strathclyde !

R.I.B.#DescriptionText
2201altar; 1829 on Easter Duntiglennan Farm near the fort; Hunterian Mus.; restoredI O M ...
2202building-stone fragment; 1732 at Cochno House; lostOFRO ...
2203decorated ansate tablet; 1826-44 on line of Wall 300 yds W of fort; Hunterian Mus.; decorated with capricorn above, pegasus belowLEG II AVG F P IIII CXL
2204decorated ansate tablet; 1699 near Carlieth Farm, 1 mile W of fort; Hunterian Mus.; dated AD139-161; capricorn above panel, pegasus belowIMP ANTON AVG PIO P P • LEG II AVG F P III CCLXXI

Old Kilpatrick, Strathclyde !

R.I.B.#DescriptionText
2205panelled tablet; 1695 during ploughing ¾ mile E of fort; Hunterian Mus.; dated AD139-161IMP C T AELIO HADRIANO ANTONINO AVG P P VEX LEG VI VIC P F OPVS VALLI P ∞∞∞∞ C XLI
2206top-right part of ansate tablet; 1695 in Old Kilpatrick parish; Hunterian Mus.; dated AD139-161; cupid in ansation; restoredIMP C T AE HADRIANO ANTONINO AVG PIO P P VEX LEG XX V V FEC P P IIII CDXI
2207stone; 1757 used as threshold of house at Fendyke, W of fort; lost[No text recorded]
2208relief of temple of Victory; 1684 at Ferrydyke; Hunterian Mus.; dated AD139-161; probably marked W terminus of WallIMP C T AE HADRIANO ANTONINO AVG PIO P P • VEX LEG XX V V FEC • P P III CDXI

Antonine Wall - Exact Location Unknown

R.I.B.#DescriptionText
2209sandstone tablet; 1600 'somewhere on the line of the Antonine Wall'; built into Cawder House (1964); text within wreath held by cupidsLEG II AVG FEC

Camelon, Stirlingshire/Central

R.I.B.#DescriptionText
2210buff-sandstone building-stone; 1900 in apse of bath-house; Nat. Mus. Antiq.; restoredVEX LEG XX V V F

Ardoch, Perthshire/Tayside (Alauna)

R.I.B.#DescriptionText
2211buff-sandstone tablet fragment; 1896/7; Nat. Mus. Antiq.; restoredIMP...
2212bottom-right part of red-sandstone tablet; 1897; Nat. Mus. Antiq.; restored...E ...LEG AVG PR PR
2213buff-sandstone tombstone; 1672; Hunterian Mus.; text in panelDIS MANIBVS AMMONIVS DAMIONIS > COH I HISPANORVM STIPENDIORVM XXVII HEREDES F C

Scotland - Exact Location Unknown

R.I.B.#DescriptionText
2214top of buff-sandstone altar; unknown; Hunterian Mus....PERI VEX LEG II AVG ...V...
2215bronze statue base; 1820 at Mislington Farm, Roberton, Roxburghshire; Nat. Mus. Antiq.L
2216left side of cream-sandstone ansate tablet; 1797 in Callendar House, Falkirk; in garden wall at Abbotsford, Roxburghshire (1964); restoredVEXILLATIO LEG XXII PRIMIGEN

Known British Inscriptions - Otherwise Unplaced

R.I.B.#DescriptionText
2217altar; 1902 in garden on Eden Street, Kingston-upon-Thames; Kingston Mus.DEAE • FORTVNAE ET NVMINIBVS ΛVGVSTORVM
2218bronze letters; 1929; Craven Mus. Skiptona.) E/F
b.) I

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