The Antonine Itinerary

Iter Britanniarum - The British Section

The text in the following table is based on Parthey and Pinder's Edition (1848, Berlin); including Wesseling's 1735 additions (enclosed within parentheses).

When plotted, two notable omissions of the Antonine Itinerary become apparent; the line of Hadrian's Wall, and the south-western half of the Fosse Way between Exeter in Devon to the junction with Watling Street at High Cross in Leicestershire.

The www.Roman-Britain.org Version

Togodumnus' translations of the latin text are [highlighted and enclosed in square brackets]. Togodumnus is also responsible for any question marks ?, used as eyecatchers for those names over which some doubt still exists.

some passages have also been given extra emphasis¹ to act as headings
  1. OK! I just turned 'em yellow.

Click here for unadulterated Latin text only

Click Here for a LayerMap of the Antonine Itinerary


Itinerarivm Antonini Avgvsti

[The Road Routes of Antoninus Augustus]

Iter Britanniarvm

[The British Routes]

A Gessoriaco de Galliis Ritupis in portu Britanniarum
Stadia numero CCCCL
[From Gesoriacum of the Gauls (Boulogne, France) to the port of Rutupiae in Britain (Richborough, Kent) a distance of four-hundred and fifty stadia]

(ITER I)

A limite id est a vallo Praetorio usque
mpm clvi
[From the frontier, that is, from the entrenchments (Hadrian's Wall), all the way to Praesidium one-hundred and fifty-six thousand paces]
A Bremenio[= Bremenivm = High Rochester, Northumberland]
Corstopitumxx[= Corstopitvm = Corbridge, Northumberland]
Vindomoraviiii[= Vindomora = Ebchester, Durham]
Vinoviaxviiii[= Vinovivm = Binchester, Durham]
Cataractonixxii[= Cataractonivm = Catterick, North Yorkshire]
Isuriumxxiiii[= Isvrivm = Aldborough, North Yorkshire]
Eburacum, leg. vi victrix,xvii[= Ebvracvm = York, North Yorkshire]
[home of Legio Sextae Victrix]
?Derventionevii[?= Derventio = Malton, North Yorkshire?]
[?= Stamford Bridge, Humberside?]
[?= nr. Claxton, North Yorkshire?]
?Delgoviciaxiii[?= Delgovicia = nr. Millington, Humberside?]
[?= nr. Wetwang, Humberside?]
[?= Derventio = Malton, North Yorkshire?]
?Praetorioxxv[?= Praesidivm = Bridlington, Humberside?]
[?= Petuaria = Brough-on-Humber, Humberside?]
(Total 156)

(ITER II)

Item a vallo ad portum Ritupis
mpm cccclxxxi [sic]
[Likewise from the Wall [of Hadrian] to the port of Rutupiae
four-hundred and eighty-one thousand paces thus written]
A Blato Bulgio[= Blatobvlgivm = Birrens, Dumfries & Galloway]
Castra exploratorumxii[= Castra Exploratorvm = Netherby, Cumbria]
Luguvalloxii[= Lvgvvalivm = Carlisle, Cumbria]
Voredaxiiii[= Voreda = Old Penrith, Cumbria]
Brovonacisxiii[= Bravoniacvm = Kirby Thore, Cumbria]
Verterisxiii[= Verteris = Brough Castle, Cumbria]
Lavatrisxiiii[= Lavatris = Bowes, Durham]
Cataractonexvi[= Cataractonivm = Catterick, North Yorkshire]
Isuriumxxiiii[= Isvrivm = Aldborough, North Yorkshire]
Eburacumxvii[= Ebvracvm = York, North Yorkshire]
Calcariaviiii[= Calcaria = Tadcaster, North Yorkshire]
?Cambodunoxx[?= Cambodvnvm = Slack, South Yorkshire?]
Mamucioxviii[= Mamvcivm = Manchester, Greater Manchester]
Condatexviii[= Condate = Northwich, Cheshire]
Deva, leg. xx vict,xx[= Deva = Chester, Cheshire]
[home of Legio Vicesimae Valeria Victrix]
?Boviox[?= Bovivm = Tilston, Cheshire?]
Mediolanoxx[= Mediolanvm = Whitchurch, Shropshire]
?Rutunioxii[?= Rvtvnivm = Harcourt Park, Shropshire?]
Urioconioxi[= Viroconivm = Wroxeter, Shropshire]
Uxaconaxi[= Vxacona = Redhill, Shropshire]
Pennocrucioxii[= Pennocrvcivm = Water Eaton, Staffordshire]
Etocetoxii[= Letocetvm = Wall, Staffordshire]
Manduesedoxvi[= Mandvessedvm = Mancetter, Warwickshire]
Venonisxii[= Venonis = High Cross, Leicestershire]
Bannaventaxvii[= Bannaventa = Whilton Lodge, Northhamptonshire]
Lactodorxii[= Lactodvrvm = Towcester, Northamptonshire]
Magiovintoxvii[= Magiovinivm = Dropshort, Buckinghamshire]
Durocobrivisxii[= Dvrocobrivis = Dunstable, Bedfordshire]
Verolamioxii[= Vervlamivm = St. Alban's, Hertfordshire]
Sulloniacisviiii[= Svlloniacis = Brockley Hill, Greater London]
Londinioxii[= Londinivm = London, Greater London]
?Noviomagox[?= Noviomagvs = Crayford, Greater London?]
?Vagniacisxviii[?= Vagniacis = Springhead, Kent?]
Durobrivisviiii[= Dvrobrivae = Rochester, Kent]
?Durolevoxiii[?= Dvrolevvm = Ospringe, Kent?]
Durovernoxii[= Dvrovernvm = Canterbury, Kent]
Ad portum Ritupisxii[= Rvtvpiae = Richborough, Kent]
(Total 501)

(ITER III)

Item a Londinio ad portum Dubris
mpm lxvi [sic]
[Likewise from Londinium to the port of Dubris
sixty-six thousand paces thus written]
Durobrivisxxvii[= Dvrobrivae = Rochester, Kent]
Durovernoxxv[= Dvrovernvm = Canterbury, Kent]
Ad portum Dubrisxiii[= Portvs Dvbris = Dover, Kent]
(Total 66)

(ITER IV)

Item a Londinio ad portum Lemanis
mpm lxviii [sic]
[Likewise from Londinium to the port of Lemanis
sixty-eight thousand paces thus written]
Durobrivisxxvii[= Dvrobrivae = Rochester, Kent]
Durovernoxxv[= Dvrovernvm = Canterbury, Kent]
Ad portum Lemanisxvi[= Portvs Lemanis = Lympne, Kent]
(Total 68)

(ITER V)

Item a Londinio Luguvalio ad vallum
mpm ccccxliii [sic]
[Likewise from Londinium to Luguvalium (Carlisle, Cumbria) on the Wall
four-hundred and forty-three thousand paces thus written]
Caesaromagoxxviii[= Caesaromagvs = Chelmsford, Essex]
Coloniaxxiiii[= Camvlodvnvm = Colchester, Essex]
?Villa Faustinixxxv[?= Scole, Norfolk?]
Icinosxviiii[= Venta Icenorvm = Caistor St. Edmund, Norfolk]
?Camboricoxxxv[?= Camboritvm = Lackford, Suffolk?]
Durolipontexxv[= Dvroliponte = Cambridge, Cambridgeshire]
Durobrivasxxxv[= Dvrobrivae = Water Newton, Cambridgeshire]
?Causennisxxx[?= Cavsennae = Ancaster, Lincolnshire?]
[?= Saltersford, Lincolnshire?]
[?= Sapperton, Lincolnshire?]
Lindoxxvi[= Lindvm = Lincoln, Lincolnshire]
Segelocixiiii[= Segelocvm = Littleborough, Nottinghamshire]
Danoxxi[= Danvm = Doncaster, South Yorkshire]
?Legeolioxvi[?= Lagentivm = Castleford, South Yorkshire?]
Eburacoxxi[= Ebvracvm = York, North Yorkshire]
Isubrigantumxvii[= Isvrivm Brigantvm = Aldborough, North Yorkshire]
Cataractonexxiiii[= Cataractonivm = Catterick, North Yorkshire]
Levatrisxviii[= Lavatris = Bowes, Durham]
Verterisxiiii[= Verteris = Brough Castle, Cumbria]
Brocavoxx[= Brocavvm = Brougham, Cumbria]
Luguvalioxxii[= Lvgvvalivm = Carlisle, Cumbria]
(Total 443)

(ITER VI)

Item a Londinio Lindo
mpm clvi [sic]
[Likewise from Londinium to Lindum
one-hundred and fifty-six thousand paces (thus written)]
Verolamixxi[= Vervlamivm = St. Alban's, Hertfordshire]
Durocobrivisxii[= Dvrocobrivis = Dunstable, Bedfordshire]
Magiovinioxii[= Magiovinivm = Dropshort, Buckinghamshire]
Lactodoroxvi[= Lactodvrvm = Towcester, Northamptonshire]
?Isannavantiaxii[= Bannaventa = Whilton Lodge, Northamptonshire]
Tripontioxii[= Tripontivm = Cave's Inn, Warwickshire]
Venonisviii[= Venonis = High Cross, Leicestershire]
Ratasxii[= Ratae = Leicester, Leicestershire]
?Verometoxiii[= Vernemetvm = Willoughby, Nottinghamshire]
Margidunoxii[= Margidvnvm = Castle Hill, Nottinghamshire]
Ad Pontemvii[= Ad Pontem = East Stoke, Nottinghamshire]
Crococalanavii[= Crococalana = Brough, Nottinghamshire]
Lindoxii[= Lindvm = Lincoln, Lincolnshire]
(Total 156)

(ITER VII)

Item a Regno Londinio
mpm xcvi [sic]
[Likewise from [Noviomagus] Regnorum (Chichester, Sussex) to Londinium
ninety-six thousand paces thus written]
?Clausentumxx[?= Clavsentvm = Bitterne, Hampshire?]
[?= Wickham, Hampshire?]
Venta Belgarumx[= Venta Belgarvm = Winchester, Hampshire]
Calleva Atrebatumxxii[= Calleva = Silchester, Hampshire]
?Pontibusxxii[= Pontes = Staines, Surrey]
Londinioxxii[= Londinivm = London, Greater London]
(Total 96)

(ITER VIII)

Item ab Eburaco Londinium
mpm ccxxvii [sic]
[Likewise from Eburacum (York, North Yorkshire) to Londinium
two-hundred and twenty-seven thousand paces thus written]
?Lagecioxxi[= Lagentivm = Castleford, South Yorkshire]
Danoxvi[= Danvm = Doncaster, South Yorkshire]
?Agelocoxxi[= Segelocvm = Littleborough, Nottinghamshire]
Lindoxiiii[= Lindvm = Lincoln, Lincolnshire]
Crococalanaxiiii[= Crococalana = Brough, Nottinghamshire]
Margidunoxiiii[= Margidvnvm = Castle Hill, Nottinghamshire]
Vernemetoxii[= Vernemetvm = Willoughby, Nottinghamshire]
Ratisxii[= Ratae = Leicester, Leicestershire]
Venonisxii[= Venonis = High Cross, Leicestershire]
Bannaventoxviii[= Bannaventa = Whilton Lodge, Northamptonshire]
Magiovinioxxviii[= Magiovinivm = Dropshort, Buckinghamshire]
Durocobrivisxii[= Dvrocobrivis = Dunstable, Bedfordshire]
Verolamoxii[= Vervlamivm = St. Alban's, Hertfordshire]
Londinioxxi[= Londinivm = London, Greater London]
(Total 227)

(ITER IX)

Item a Venta Icinorum Londinio
mpm cxxviii [sic]
[Likewise from Venta Inecorum (Caistor St. Edmund, Norfolk) to Londinium
one-hundred and twenty-eight thousand paces thus written]
?Sitomagoxxxii[?= Sitomagus ?= nr. Saxmundham, Suffolk? / Ixworth, Suffolk?]
Combretonioxxii[= Combretovivm = Baylham House, Suffolk]
?Ad Ansamxv[?= Ad Ansam ?= nr. Stratford St. Mary, Suffolk?]
Camolodunovi[= Camvlodvnvm = Colchester, Essex]
Canonioviiii[= Canonivm = Kelvedon, Essex]
Caesaromagoxii[= Caesaromagvs = Chelmsford, Essex]
?Durolitoxvi[?= Dvrolitvm = Nr. Romford, Greater London?]
Londinioxv[= Londinivm = London, Greater London]
(Total 127)

(ITER X)

Item a Clanoventa Mediolano
mpm cl [sic]
[Likewise from Glannoventa (Ravenglass, Cumbria) to Mediolanum
one-hundred and fifty thousand paces thus written]
Galavaxviii[= Galava = Ambleside, Cumbria]
?Alonexii[?= Alavana = Watercrook, Cumbria?]
?Calacumxviiii[?= Calacvm = Burrow in Lonsdale, Lancashire?]
Bremetonacixxvii[= Bremetenacvm = Ribchester, Lancashire]
?Coccioxx[?= Coccivm = Wigan, Lancashire?]
Mancunioxvii[= Mamvcivm = Manchester, Greater Manchester]
Condatexviii[= Condate = Northwich, Cheshire]
Mediolanoxviiii[= Mediolanvm = Whitchurch, Shropshire]
(Total 150)

(ITER XI)

Item a Segontio Devam
mpm lxxiiii [sic]
[Likewise from Segontium (Caernarfon, Gwynedd) to Deva
seventy-four thousand paces thus written]
Conovioxxiiii[= Canovivm = Caerhun, Gwynedd]
?Varisxviii[?= St. Asaph, Clwyd?]
Devaxxxii[= Deva = Chester, Cheshire]
(Total 74)

(ITER XII)

Item a Muriduno Viroconium
mpm clxxxvi [sic]
[Likewise from Moridunum (Carmarthen, Dyfed) to Viroconium
one-hundred and eighty-six thousand paces thus written]
?Vindomixv[?= Vindomis = Neatham, Hampshire?]
Venta Belgarumxxi[= Venta Belgarvm = Winchester, Hampshire]
?Brigexi[?= Briga = nr. Horsebridge, Hampshire?]
Sorvioduniviii[= Sorviodvnvm = Old Sarum, Wiltshire]
Vindogladiaxii[= Vindoclavia = Badbury, Dorset]
Durnonovariaviii[= Dvrnovaria = Dorchester, Dorset]
?Muridonoxxxvi[?= Muridunum = nr. Honiton, Devon?]
Isca Dumnoniorumxv[= Isca = Exeter, Devon]
[Anomaly#1 in Original Text - Discussed Below]
Leucaroxv[= Levcarvm = Loughor, West Glamorgan]
Nidoxv[= Nidvm = Neath, West Glamorgan]
?Bomioxv[?= Bomivm = nr. Bridgend, Mid Glamorgan?]
Iscae leg. ii Augustaxxvii[= Isca = Caerleon, Gwent]
[home of Legio Secunda Augusta]
Burrioviiii[= Bvrrivm = Usk, Gwent]
Gobannioxii[= Gobannivm = Abergavenny, Gwent]
Magnisxxii[= Magnis = Kenchester, Hereford & Worcester]
Bravonioxxiiii[= Bravonivm = Leintwardine, Hereford & Worcester]
Viroconioxxvii[= Viroconivm = Wroxeter, Shropshire]
(Total 272)
  1. There is an obvious error in the British section here. The stations above this point seem to have been copied directly from Iter XV (see below), and the following entries have all been identified with places in South Wales. Perhaps some unknown medieval copyist made the mistake of equating Muridono (nr. Honiton, Devon) with Moridunum (Carmarthen, Dyfed), and thus transposed an entire block of text.

(ITER XIII)

Item ab Isca Calleva
mpm cviiii [sic]
[Likewise from Isca Silurum (Caerleon, Gwent) to Calleva Atrebatum
one-hundred and nine thousand paces thus written]
Burrioviiii[= Bvrrivm = Usk, Gwent]
?Blestioxi[?= Blestivm = Monmouth, Gwent?]
Ariconioxi[= Ariconivm = Weston under Penyard, Hereford & Worcester]
Clevoxv[= Glevvm = Gloucester, Gloucestershire]
[Anomaly#2 in Original Text - Discussed Below]
?Durocornovioxiiii[?= Dvrocornovivm = Wanborough, Wiltshire?]
?Spinisxv[?= Spinae = nr. Newbury, Berkshire?]
Callevaxv[= Calleva = Silchester, Hampshire]
(Total 90)
  1. There is another obvious error in this itinerary. An unknown copyist seems to have missed out the entry for Corinium Dobunnorum (Cirencester, Gloucestershire), which lies 15 miles from both Gloucester and Wanborough; the multiple occurrences of the distance numerals XV in the text, very likely being the cause of the original omission.

(ITER XIV)

Item alio itinere ab Isca Calleva
mpm ciii [sic]
[Likewise an alternate route from Isca Silurum to Calleva Atrebatum
one-hundred and three thousand paces thus written]
Venta Silurumviiii[= Venta Silvrvm = Caerwent, Gwent]
Abonexiiii[= Abona = Sea Mills, Avon]
[Quite likely a journey by ferry across the Bristol Channel.]
?Traiectusviiii[?= Traiectvs = Bitton, nr. Willsbridge, Avon?]
Aquis Solisvi[= Aqvae Svlis = Bath, Avon]
Verlucionexv[= Verlvcio = Sandy Lane, Wiltshire]
Cunetionexx[= Cvnetio = Mildenhall, Wiltshire]
?Spinisxv[?= Spinae = nr. Newbury, Berkshire?]
Callevaxv[= Callava = Silchester, Hampshire]
(Total 103)

(ITER XV)

Item a Calleva Isca Dumnoniorum
mpm cxxxvi [sic]
[Likewise from Calleva to Isca Dumnoniorum
one-hundred and thirty-six thousand paces thus written]
?Vindomixv[?= Vindomis = Neatham, Hampshire?]
Venta Belgarumxxi[= Venta Belgarvm = Winchester, Hampshire]
?Brigexi[?= Briga = nr. Horsebridge, Hampshire?]
Sorbiodoniviii[= Sorviodvnvm = Old Sarum, Wiltshire]
Vindogladiaxii[= Vindocladia = Badbury, Dorset]
Durononvariaviii[= Dvrnovaria = Dorchester, Dorset]
?Muridunoxxxvi[?= Muridunum = nr. Honiton, Devon?]
Isca Dumnoniorumxv[= Isca = Exeter, Devon]
(Total 126)


Other RBO Geographical Resources

Ptolemy's Geography * Notitia Dignitatum * Ravenna Cosmography * Peutinger Table * Nennius' Cities

The original source for this page was heisted from the Introduction of Roman Roads in Britain 'A Web-enhanced version of the book by Thomas Codrington published by the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge London, 1903. Text and maps are in the public domain.' Provided on the web by Lacus Curtius (Bill Thayer).

Bibliographical Links

Roman Britain : A Sourcebook by S. Ireland (Routledge, London, 1992);
Place Names of Roman Britain by A.L.F. Rivet & Colin Smith (Batsford, London, 1979);
Historical Map and Guide: Roman Britain by the OS (4th Ed., 1990);